Modern slavery
Slavery, albeit an ancient term, remains one of the most pressing and serious issues of the modern world. Essentially, it refers to situations of exploitation that a person cannot refuse or leave because of threats, violence, coercion, deception, and/or abuse of power. Centuries later it has shaped into the following types:

  • Labor trafficking;
  • Sexual slavery;
  • Forced marriage;
  • Family slavery;
  • Beggar slavery;
  • Trafficking in organs;
  • Child trafficking;
  • Child soldiers.

The most reliable figures with respect to the number of slaves are provided in 2017 report issued by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Walk Free Foundation (WFF), which united in a collaborative effort to provide relevant information on the problem.



We know that if there are 40 million people in modern slavery, only tens of thousands of victims are being helped, assisted and supported, whether through the criminal justice system or through victim support systems.

Fiona David / WFF's executive director of global research
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